Mexico: See Kukulkan the 'Feathered Serpent' descend from.
The pyramid has special astronomical layout so that a game of light and shadow is formed. On March 21st the body of the serpent metaphorically descends from the temple on top of the pyramid and arrives at the heads at the foot of the staircase. Just beyond El Castillo you will find a large ball court where Mayan men played a game called pok ta.
Late in the afternoon the sun projects triangles of light created by the angle of the sun and the northern edges of the pyramid’s steps. Simulating a snake-like effect, the shadow gradually descends to the jaws of the serpent’s head carved at the base of the pyramid, leaving onlookers awestruck. Ancient Mayan legend believes this is the Kukulkan serpent making his way to the Well of.
Archaeologists watched each year, 9 triangles of light and shadow, together, form the other and ending at the snake head at the base of the pyramid, giving the figure of a snake looking at the ground or something fruitful, called Kukulkan by the Mayans. Of course the significance surrounding this event is extraordinary. The pyramid has 9 platforms that reminds us of the time we live in the.
The pyramid of Kukulkan is so brilliantly calibrated, that when day and night have the same length, an impressive spectacle takes place. Every year around March 21 and September 22, the god Kukulkan descends the steps of the temple in a play of light and shadow. Because at sunset, the shadows form the body of a snake crawling down the stairs.
The shadow appears because the pyramid is designed to face 17 degrees off from the points of the compass. If the four sides of the pyramid were precisely oriented to the compass directions, the serpent shadow would not appear. This shows how advanced the Mayan knowledge of astronomy and mathematics was.
Writing of Chichen Itza, Mayan scholars Linda Schele and David Freidel tell us that:. shadow display upon the sides of the northern stairway. A serrated line of seven interlocking triangles gives the impression of a long tail leading downward to the stone head of the serpent Kukulkan, at the base of the stairway. Adjacent to the head of Kukulkan, a doorway leads to an interior staircase.
The largest pyramid (lower left) was built for King Khufu, or Cheops. Its construction is thought to have taken over 20 years, and for many centuries it was the tallest building in the world. The pyramid at centre right was built for King Khafre, son of Khufu. The smallest pyramid (upper right) was built for King Menkaure. The pyramids at Giza are the only one of the Seven Wonders of the World.